October 31st Mascarada Puppet Days : The Tico Hallowen day.

Costa Ricans don’t celebrate Halloween as Familiar  but we adopted this day almost exclusively in communities with expats , this is a great opportutity for Local bars and Hotel to attract customers during the low tourism season with costumed parties.

This is Capitalist Celebreation…I invite you to Celebrate with your family and friends a very nice Tico tradition :  Mascaradas Puppets Day on October 31 st.

La Mascarada is a parade of giant masked figures. This tradition is originated as an adaption of Carnival. The Spaniards brought their costumed holiday, Carnival, and its masquerade dances to Central America. This cultural traditions had begun to fade away until 1996 when the Ministry of culture decided to establish an annual parade called the Dia de la Mascarada Tradicional Costarricense.

Parades celebrating this day are held throughout the country with many people wearing their large masks and dancing. Everyone danced with the puppets joining in. Kids enjoy it more than anybody.The music is provided by groups of musicians called Cimarronas-band of traditional Costa Rica Music. These bands have been an important part of all Costa Rican celebrations for years. The name comes from the Spanish word for wild, cimarrón, and was originally used to refer to the band made up of self-taught musicians.

Heads are made with craft paper  and newspapers with glue and Skilled by local artisans that spend weeks preparing the masquerade costumes. They are shaped and painted to look like characters from stories told long ago in the Costa Rican tradition or some funny character like  El Diablo, la Muerte, la Segua, la Llorona, la Giganta, el Polizonte, la Chingoleta, el Padre sin Cabeza and others.

The  clebration hels in the cities of Cartago, Escazu, Aserri and Barva . Escazu has a long tradition to manufacture Mascarada for festivals. The traditional Mascarada Festival in Escazu will be set from Octuber 29th to 31st. Here is the Scheduleof Activities 

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Pablo Presbere Rebellion

In September 28,  1709, an uprising of indigenous groups led by Pablo Presbere known as “Pa Blu” or  “Rey Lapa” killed a number of Spanish in the mountains of the Talamanca region of Southern Costa Rica. Including also f the friars Pablo de Rebullida and Antonio de Andrade . This group of indigenous with 10 soldiers and one women burned 14 Catholic churches and forced to the Spanish people moved out from the area.

Resultado de imagen para talamanca indigenas

This rebellion effectively put an end to Spanish efforts to control this area during the colonial period.
Talamanca is one of the few Village who could not be conquered by the European invasion. Since the first Spanish arriving in 1540 , the warrior and the libertarian spirit manifested itself inhabitants of the region.  To understand Indigenous  act , we need to know why the constant and determinate resistance of the indigenous: 

The Encomenderos(Those with the right to receive Indigen tribute)  found it profitable to use Indian labor to farm and raise livestock. But from the Spanish point of View, the small dispersed Indian Villages made it difficult to efficiently exploit indigenous labor. Thus, Indias were concentrated were they could more easily be evangelized by Franciscan friars and made to work. At least, until 1610, Indians owed tribute in good as well as in service. They provided agricultural and household labor as well as products like cotton blankets, honey, wax, and ceramics. The sort of abuses to which the Indians were subject becomes clear in records of complaints they made to Spanish authorities. The Indians of Garabito, for instance, complained in 1590 that the Spanish governor had taken and sold corn that belonged to their village, and the Indians of Pacaca complained that the friar there forced them to spend all day long weaving mats and baskets, among other items, and the result was that the town went hungry because no men were available to work the cornfields (Solorzano Fonseca 2002)

Thus it was indigenous labor and the goods collected as tribute that constituted the first sustained economic activity in colonial Costa Rica. Later, markets for wheat, corn, and pack mules and other livestock opened up in the growing settlements of Panama to the south and Nicaragua to the north and the encomenderos took advantage of these. In the arly years of the 17th century, the Spanish looked to the southeast, to the conquest of the Talamanca region, to gain new lands and more Indian labor. An Indian uprising of 1610, however, destroyed the new town of Santiago and forced the Spanish to flee back to Cartago.  The southern region was to remain unconquered, but the violence there gave the Spanish the excuse that needed to declare the Indians in open rebellion and to send military expeditions to forcibly capture Indians slave. Even with this, the encomienda as a source of labor was doomed. The population available to be distributed in encomienda rapidly dismissed.

Resultado de imagen para monumento pablo presbere

On July 1, 1710 Pablo Presbere was sentenced to die arcabuceado, since Costa Rica had no executioner to apply the cruel death.

At the begging of the 1700s, a final effort was made to subdue and evangelized the indigenous people of the Talamanca. By 1709, the Franciscan friars had established 14 missions in the region. However, the Bribri, Cabecarand Terbis Indians overcame their traditional rivalries to unite in a surprise attack under the leadership of Pablo Presbere in September 28, 1709. Almost immediately, the Spanish authorities in Cartago organized in expedition of 200 soldiers to punish the rebellious Indians. The Spanish captured Presbere and marched him and 700 of his followers back to the capital. Two hundred Indians died of fled along the way, and the remains 500 were divided up among the Spaniards who had participated in the expeditions.

Presbere was tried, condemned for treason, and executed in July 4th, 1710.Despite not knowing much about the life of Cacique Pablo Presbere or Suinsi, it is important to rescue his role in the Indian rebellion . He is a national hero by opposing the submission and destruction of indigenous culture by the Spanish . The goverment of  Costa Rica, declared  Paul Presbere “Defender of Indigenous People”  Day on  July 4th.  

Resultado de imagen para monumento pablo presbere

The memory of Pablo Presbere Lives on this monument to him in the city of Limon

Source:

Costa Rica: A Global Studies Handbook By Scott Pentzer

La Hazaña de Pablo Presbere (HÉROE NACIONAL) by Kathya Fallas Fallas

 

Costa Rica Lantern Parade

The Latern parade ( Faroles) recalls the historic moment happened  1821, when the news of the country’s independence. It is mentioned that it was Maria Dolores Bedoya who bravely walked through the streets of Guatemala on the night of September 14th, 1821 with a lantern in her hand inviting people to meet at the plaza opposite to the town hall, where the provincial councils of Guatemala gathered including Chiapas, Honduras and El Salvador.

Their goal was to put pressure on politicians in order to sign the Declaration of Independence  “Viva la Patria”, “Viva la Libertad”. This tradition continued by decorating the houses with patriotic colors and making parades with faroles on every 14th of September at six in the evening in remembrance of the heroic act of Maria Dolores Bedoya. The night lights up with the remembrance of the news of freedom.

Here is a simple guide of how make a lantern with reusable materials.

September 15th, Costa Rica´s Independence Day

Sepamos ser libres no siervos menguados, derechos sagrados la Patria nos da.

Costa Rica is a nation governed in peace with a solid long-standing democracy from 1821 when we granted our independence from Spain, on the 15th of September in 1821.

Alicia Esquivel  de la escuela Buenaventura corrales foto Adrián Arias
Alicia Esquivel From Buenaventura Corrales School , Photo by Adrián Arias

Guatemala proclaimed independence from Spain for all  Central American provinces  on September 15, 1821. Costa Rica learned the news a month later. The first constitution, the Pacto de Concordia, was soon adopted. This led to the celebration of the first elections in December of 1821.

Independence Day, a day of celebration in our country,our heritage, our history, and patriotism. This day is the day of our release from Spanish rule and the beginning of re-finding our own national identity.

The Independence Day of Costa Rica is celebrated with much fun and merriment. The national holiday is marked by hoisting of the National flag, patriotic parades and performances by students in the community. The National anthem is also sung on the Independence Day of Costa Rica.

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Celebration in whole the country will be placed in RED and BLUE colors. You will see “mascaradas” or clowns, cimarronas with loud music, Children and teenager dancing in lines with bands of drummers in typical outfits.

Costa Rica gave the responsibility in organization of the most important activities of the Celebration to the Students of School and High School of our Country, to teach them honor, values, patriotism, and respect to our land. To Learn the history, tradition and how be a good citizens.It will be a great day for the school because they will show their best performing.

Lantern Parade
Lanterns Parade/Desfile de Faroles 

We feel the spirit of the Independence from the moment that we decorate our homes with Patriotic Colors and we sing the National Hymne at 6:00 pm. when we walk with our kids in the night parade called Desfile de Faroles(The Lantern Parade) in remembrance of the actual eve of our independence when delegates arrived in Guatemala, sang of the freedom , lit lanterns and received the Independence Torch.

15 de Septiembre Parade  Photo by RedEstudiantil
15 de Septiembre Parade
Photo by RedEstudiantil

Also the students will have the honor to carry and run the lit Torch that is coming from Guatemala. The ‘Independence Torch’, a national symbol of freedom in Costa Rica, accompanied the delivery of the new of independence to the countries of Central American back in 1821. The Torch Run, a highlighted event throughout Central America, emulates this original historical event beginning with the lighting of the torch on the 9th of September in Guatemala and then making its way through Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica by foot and through the passing of hands as it did nearly two centuries ago. On the eve of Independence Day, the Independence Torch reaches its final destination in Cartago, Costa Rica, the capital of Costa Rica at the time of independence.The torch will arrive in Costa Rica september 15 and will be carried by the best honored  school/high school  students.

Students running with the Torch Photo La Nacion
Students running with the Torch Photo La Nacion

Very important to notice is government offices, banks and most businesses will be closed for the holiday, and some roads will be closed in major cities to accommodate the parades.

Sources:

ww.uned.com

La nacion.com