Guanacaste Day!! July 25 Annexation

Costa Rica clebrate on July 25  Guanacaste’s decision to be part of Costa Rica instead of Nicaragua in 1824.

The real History:

There is big historic fact that we must to understand about it. Many people made a mistake thinking that Guanacaste was part of Nicaragua, but it wasn’t true.  Cortes of Cadiz in Spain  created the Province of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, which in 1820 was divided into seven parts: Costa Rica, El Realejo, Granada, León, Nicaragua (Rivas), Nicoya’s Party and Nueva Segovia.

At that time, Nicoya’s Party had three populations: Nicoya, indigenous town, seat of the government and the towns of Santa Cruz and Guanacaste (Liberia), where lived spaniards and mestizos. Geographically, Nicoya and Santa Cruz  had strong economic ties with Costa Rica and the rising port of Puntarenas, in Guanacaste (Liberia) had strong ties to Nicaragua (Rivas) (The region west of the river Tempisque, Bagaces villages and Canas, belonged to Costa Rica from the sixteenth century and were never part of the Nicoya Party).

In early July 1824, while Nicaragua was plunged into civil war whose effects never reached to Nicoya, three towns of the Partido declined an invitation to them by the government of Costa Rica to join that state. However, Nicoya and Santa Cruz changed their minds, and July 25, 1824 decided to annex to Costa Rica, as recorded in the minutes of the City of Nicoya signed on that date by the political chief Junior Manuel Briceño and numerous neighbors.  Then in 1826 Liberia was added to Costa rica.

In the heart of Guanacaste , Liberia , its capital city will show all Costa Rica how happy are to be the most beautiful and productive province that belong to Costa Rica.

The celebrations:

A biggest Costa Rican fiesta called Expo Liberia is  highlighted by rodeos, fireworks, Cimarronas,folkloric dances and music, parades, cattle shows, bullfights, concerts,  firecrackers (bombetas) and more traditions. This year will be 12 days from July 18 to July 27,  full of Local spirit, culture expression and music.

Everybody is open invited to enjoy this celebration, many people from all Guanacaste and Costa Rica are ready to wear theirs cowboy boost and dance whith Marimba music; traditional music typically played by an elderly quartet on an old xylophone, and watching costumed girls performing the Punto Guanacasteco, the region’s folkloric dance that has become the national dance, the highlights of the Dia de Guanacaste lie firmly in the region’s ranching background.

Riding  a horse in a parade  with the heat of noon will be a great experience. Each day of the Expo, the entertainment kicks off with a tope, a horse parade full of several criollo horses and sabaneros (Costa Rican’s cowboys) dressing their finest steeds, showing off high-stepping staccato footwork as they clippity-clop all the way through town holding a cool beer or local guaro to avoid the heat . Try to be sober, the heat will kill , don’t forget your Hat.

Costa Rica's traditional dance-clothing
Costa Rica’s traditional dance-clothing

One of my favorite traditions in the celebratios is the  Diana (live traditional music played at dawn in the streets) every day at 5:00 am.

Also You should not miss the traditional bullfigtins called Toros  a la Tica or Corridas. No Fighting but doesn’t mean that you will not be hurt. This activity  will take a place in the arenas of the Expo, and it is complety different from the blood sport you find in Mexico and Spain,there are no profressional toreros. All the bullfighters are “improvisados” (amateurs) who run into the bull ring to taunt the bull with their jeers, jests, hands, etc., and then run like hell to avoid being horned by the bull.

But this is just part of the celebration , this is not so important than the fact That Central American Federation approved the annexation and thus Guanacaste became part of Costa Rica . Guanacastans take great pride in being a part of Costa Rica and claim that in 1824, they joined Costa Rica by choice. Demonstrating their pride Guanacastans possess the slogan, “De la Patria por Nuestro Voluntad” .

This phrase means part of the country by our own choice’ in Spanish. The fact that Guanacastans emphasize that they became a part of Costa Rica by choice, shows that democracy is valued. Therefore, Guanacaste Day is celebrated because Costa Rica highly values democratic ideals.

Some useful information

Annexation Celebrations Schedule 

Where to Stay: You can Stay in affordable hotel in Liberia which probably will be full and expensive or decide to go at the beach and enjoy the beautiful Playas del Coco with your friends or family in Fully Furniture Condo.


One thought on “Guanacaste Day!! July 25 Annexation

  1. I found your post comments while searching Google. It is very relevant information. Great work. Regularly I do not make posts on blogs, but I have to say that this posting really forced me to do so. Really awesome post. Really fantastic and I will be coming back for more information at your site and revisit it! Thank you. Guanacaste.


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