Chorotega Pottery is very important part of our culture in Guanacaste for being an ancient tradition that was learned from our ancestors The Chorotegas Indigenous.
The salient potteries are produced by Guaitil residents of Santa Cruz and San Vicente of Nicoya (towns with over 5,000 years of tradition in pottery) . They work the clay using traditional techniques and indigenous ancestral Chorotegas, that once inhabited this part of the country.
They found pottery dating more than 2,500 years which means pottery activity has a pre-Hispanic origin.
The history data shows the production of ceramics in the early XX century, an activity where men participate only in obtaining raw materials and preparation thereof. Women developed the activity and shared their knowledge from generation to generation within the family.
Materials and preparation:
In the area of San Vicente and Guatil, the materials are brought from mountains , which are usually extracted from the mud of a local hill that once cast mix it with sand “iguana”-black color (located near the iguana nests).
From the same place or in mountain, artisans bring the ground stones; black, red and white and then mixed with water and clay to make the pigments what they called Curiol used to decorate the pieces . There are several colors and is said that if you come to the hill making noise, the red color get hidden from you!
After this, the parts are molded by hand, they paint with lines, points, geometrical shapes, animals, etc.. Subsequently they place in a traditional oven, where they are burned and cleaned, and finally be polish.
Agricultural societies indigenous been elaborated the pottery for utilitarian purposes such as cooking and food storage as well pieces more complex with polychrome zoomorphic forms, for ritual purposes and usually placed them on the graves.
All cooking containers were made in ceramic . The water had kept fresh in this pieces.
Photos taken in Artesanias Guaytil. Comunidad de Carrillo, Guanacaste. 50 metrer west from Total Gas Station .